The ecological properties of hemp.

Hemp is not a new discovery. It was used for millennia for its qualities and becomes an essential plant with its environmental benefits. Here are the ecological properties of hemp.

Hemp is totally ecological.

A natural plant.

hemp farming is environmentally friendly. It does not require natural or chemical additives to help the growth of the plant. Hemp defends itself from various external aggressions such as insects and fungi. Producers do not need to use fertilizers, insecticides, pesticides, or fungicides to protect crops. The result is simple. Hemp cultivation is natural. All components of the plant, such as seeds and fibers, are healthy, natural and environmentally friendly.

Hemp maintains soils.

Growing hemp in a field is an excellent technique to maintain the soil and prepare for future crops. It matures quickly, in 100 days, leaving the possibility for farmers to reuse the field.

Hemp farming is also considered by some farmers to have more benefits to the soil than leaving the field fallow. Indeed, the hemp root webbing and its ability to absorb water prevents weeds from spreading. In addition, hemp fold leaves are an excellent natural fertilizer for the soil.

Hemp absorbs carbon dioxide.

The planet is facing excess CO2 in the atmosphere. Forests play an important role in the capture of CO2. Unfortunately, forests are dissapearing due to massive deforestation. Hemp is an ideal solution to help reducing carbon dioxide problem as it captures a lot of CO2. According to recent analysis, one acre of hemp would absorb more CO2 than one acre of forest.

Grows at all latitudes.

Hemp has abilitie to grow in any temperate regions of the globe. Its size can vary from 1.50 meters to more than 6 meters, depending on the species and its region. This facility to grow anywhere helps reduce transport distances to connect the producer to the consumer. Less transport mens less pollution.

Hemp processing: a natural industrial process.

Hemp textiles are made with hemp fiber. The plant is naturally ecological and goes through industrial processing to separate the fibers from the rest of the stem. This transformation process is called retting. There are three different methods of retting. They depend on the future use of fibers, it can be for making paper, construction materials or textiles. Processes for paper and construction are mechanical process. The process for textile is enzymatic.

The process of enzymatic retting.

Hemp fibers are used in textiles for their natural and ecological properties. It is necessary that the fibers coming out of the retting are still natural and ecological. Enzymatic retting techniques that leave healthy and natural fibers exist and are used for many years.

Hemp stalk contains hurd (inside the stem), fibers and elements that bind all together. As the fibers are welded together with the rest of the plant by insoluble components, it is necessary to remove these insoluble components to only keep the fibers. There occur during retting enzymes that destroy these components through fermentation.

The hemp industry produces fibers healthier and strongger.

Enzymes are regularly used by industry, some are healthy and natural, others are not. Regarding those used by the hemp industry, through research and technological advances, there are now environmental enzymes that clean the fiber, not damaged and reinforced. The work of Dr. Sung in 2004 in Canada have greatly advanced discoveries. Since then, research has further improved to give more natural results while retaining all the strength of the fibers.

No enzymatic process is perfect yet. Techniques are becomingt better, but none does not fully clean fibers. Substances that surround the fiber are natural, non toxic, but need to be eliminated to make the fiber even sweeter. Research continues to find enzymes that completely clean the fibers, without damaging them, while remaining environmentally friendly.

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